Why Keeping Two Bearded Dragons Together Is a Very Bad Idea

Keeping two bearded dragons together is unnatural. In their natural environment bearded dragons are quite happy leading solitary lives. Males and females will come together to mate, then, having performed the deed, will go off on their separate ways again. Members of the same sex do not come together to socialise.

In setting up a bearded dragon’s vivarium we concentrate on getting its living conditions as close as possible to how it lives in the wild. We wouldn’t think of lowering the basking temperature just because we would be uncomfortable sitting under that degree of heat – so why is it that we so often think they are miserable living on their own as nature intended just because we wouldn’t like to live like that?

Why is it that we put time and energy into researching their physical needs, but ignore all the evidence that points to their social requirements?

Let’s face it – people buy two bearded dragons out of the mistaken belief that they need company. I did it myself so I can’t criticise, but I can question, why? It appears that as human beings are very social animals we cannot come to terms with any creature that appreciates solitude. The only other animal similar in these requirements is the far more common hamster. And it’s probably only that a great many more people have had experience with keeping these as pets for a much longer period of time than the relatively new bearded dragon that there is a more general acceptance of this. No pet shop would sell you two hamsters to live in the same cage together, but they’ll happily sell you a pair of bearded dragons.

As bearded dragons are notoriously difficult to sex until they are adult – and even then ‘males’ can surprise their owners by laying eggs – buying two juveniles is a risky business. It is generally accepted that two males will fight, but people assume that two females or a male and female will live happily together. Wrong. They may do, or they may do for a number of years, but there are reports that even after 5 or more years they turn on each other. And beardies can do very severe damage in the first fight, sometimes resulting in death or at the very least, serious injury.

The result of keeping a male and female together is that they will breed. That sounds a wonderful idea at first, but after you’ve paid for new vivariums to house the 40 or 50 babies that result, and then look at having to do it a second, third, fourth and goodness knows how many times around, it’s not just the female that’s suffering from the over eager attentions of the male, but your purse and your time! If you don’t want the eggs to hatch you can freeze them immediately after they are laid which is a humane way of disposing of them before the embryo develops its nervous system. But constantly being gravid will damage the female’s health. No wonder in the wild females keep away from males!

The worst thing that we can do when keeping bearded dragons – or any kind of reptiles or even other pets come to that – is to humanise them. I still get asked whether you can leave eggs in the vivarium to hatch! Apart from the fact they won’t hatch as the environment is all wrong, as soon as those cute little hatchlings emerge from their eggs the mother would simple view them as a delicious meal and gobble them up. They do not have a maternal instinct like we do, and are no lesser creatures for that. They are simply not human! We weren’t sure what sex a deformed baby we kept was until one day when he was fully grown we let him out at the same time as his parents. He immediately tried to mate with his mother and kill his father. Quite natural for a bearded dragon.

Bearded dragons have bearded dragon thoughts and feelings as well as physical requirements and these should be taken into account as much as anything else when setting up the vivarium. If you want two bearded dragons, even if you’re planning to mate them, have two separate vivariums. For bearded dragons this is being kind, not cruel. Getting this right is as important as getting the heating, substrate and feeding requirements right.

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Lemur For Sale: Discipline Is Important

A lemur for sale is a good pet to have at home. Lemurs are really good companions to have at home because they are really energetic. If you are munching on something, he wants to have a piece of it as well. This sounds fun but this also means that you need to discipline your lemur pet by establishing manners. This needs to be done while lemurs are still at a young age. By doing so, you can teach your lemur pet that he can eat your food if you hand it over to him and not when it’s on your plate. If he doesn’t stick with the rules placing him inside his cage when you eat meals will be a good idea to do.

A lemur for sale may look really cute but you need to set rules if you want to have a harmonious relationship with your pet. This will also help you prevent your exotic pet from ruining furniture at home. Lemurs will steal food from you and your family if you allow them to do so. This is actually their way of getting your attention and causing you to have a reaction. This is something they really love. Knowing that your pet is interested in spending time with you is good but not all the time, which is why teaching lemurs some manners at an early age, is very important. Provide your pet the proper discipline and you’ll save yourself, your family, and your house a lot of trouble.

Lemurs are very smart exotic animals. They are also known to be really agile. Lemurs usually don’t knock things over, hurt themselves, or destroy things around them but a few precautions are still necessary and you should be well aware of them. If you decide to let your lemur run loose inside the house, make sure that you don’t let him get inside rooms that have ceiling fans in them. Ceiling fans are considered a big no, no when lemurs are allowed to run loose inside the house as these may cause them some serious injuries. Your pet lemur may decide to jump on the fan and hit the middle of the blades and as a result, get injured. Aside from ceiling fans, lemurs also quickly get excited about sudden loud noises so you need to take some caution when you’re cooking in the kitchen. It is highly advised that lemurs be kept in their cages whenever you need to cook food inside the kitchen.

When the time comes that you need to place your pet lemur back in his cage, be sure to allot some time for this as these exotic animals can determine when you want to catch them and when you want to just pet them. This may cause you to have a chase inside the house but that is something you don’t want to do as this can result to broken furnishings, future behavioral problems, and a scared pet. Instead of chasing your lemur around the house, try using treats to lure him inside his cage.

Physical Characteristics of the Sugar Glider

Size

Sugar gliders (SG), compared to other mammalian pets, are actually quite small at adulthood. An adult specimen will probably measure a maximum of seven inches from the tip of the snout to the tip of its tail.

The average length of an adult sugar glider in captivity is only about five inches, give or take a few centimeters.

When your SG reaches the six-inch mark, you already have an adult sugar glider that is ready to reproduce.

Fur Pattern

Though some variations exist, the common sugar bear has gray fur all over the top of its body. The underside of the honey bear also has fur, but the fur in this region of the marsupial’s body is usually white or cream-colored. The cream-colored underside can easily be seen from afar because of the sharp contrast between the fur on the animal’s neck and the fur on its head.

The sugar glider is a striped marsupial with characteristically thick stripes running from its facial region all the way to its back. The tail of the suggie is a combination of black and silver. The tip is usually covered with black fur. Now let us turn our attention to the SG’s tail. Apart from being soft and cute, the sugar bear’s tail is important for the animal’s movement.

Tail

Some people think the glider uses its bushy tail to grab hold of stems and prey. Nope! The suggie’s tail is actually more of a balancing and steering tool. When a honey bear glides, the tail is used to balance the weight and air movement, which then allows the animal to land safely on the other side. The glider-bear can also change its trajectory during the glide by shifting the direction of its tail.

The Glider’s Face

A sugar glider’s face is short, with most of the area being occupied by large eyes. The placement and size of the eyes are quite important for honey gliders in the wild because this ocular presentation allows the animal to scan its surroundings more effectively.

Think of the SG’s eyes as a wide-angle lens. It cannot see very far, but it can view the entire landscape more effectively than other mammals. In one quick scan of its surroundings, a sugar bear can ascertain if danger or food is nearby.

The honey bear’s face is covered with striped fur, except for its ears. The ears are short, soft, and move independently. This capability of the glider bear to move its ears in different directions at the same time allows this tiny marsupial to pick up sounds from its surroundings more efficiently.

Combine this keen sense of hearing with a wide viewing field, and you’ll begin to understand how this small creature has withstood the challenges of natural selection and has emerged as one of the victors of mammalian evolution.

Though small, the sugar glider has been blessed by nature with a peculiar set of tools and senses that allow it outsmart and escape larger predators easily.

The Limbs and Feet

Like humans, sugar bears have a total of twenty digits on their limbs. A glider has a total of ten digits on its forefeet. Each digit is jointed, flexible, and has a sharp sword-like claw. The same applies to its hind feet.

Their long claws allow sugar gliders to grip their landing spots with ease after a short glide. Through gripping, the suggie is able to move from one tree to another with relative ease and without injury. Gripping lessens the impact upon landing and also helps evenly distribute the impact of the landing throughout the glider-bear’s body.

The honey bear’s hind feet are used not only for movement, but also for grooming — a vitally important activity for marsupials. The third and fourth digits on the hind feet of the SG are physically locked together. This fusion creates a handy comb that the glider uses for a variety of daily grooming tasks including (but not limited to) the removal of parasites.

The Gliding Membrane

The gliding membrane is the one thing that truly separates the tiny marsupial from its larger possum cousins. Though this creature may be lacking in height and length, it does not lack in mobility or agility. Let’s take a look at the glider bear’s gliding membrane.

Unlike a bat’s wings, the gliding membrane does not have the ligaments and bones of a skeletal framework. The gliding membrane is simply thick flexible skin that can be spread out extensively during a glide.

When an adult suggie jumps off a high point to glide downward, it stretches its forefeet and hind feet to activate the gliding membrane. Combine this movement with the glider’s tail movements, and you have a perfect little gliding marsupial ready to transport it from tree to tree.

Important Notes:

Many people believe that a sugar glider is merely a miniature version of a flying squirrel. Although at first sight these two animals may look alike, biologically they are very different. For one, marsupials in general have retained some vestiges of their reptilian evolutionary past. These vestigial reptilian characteristics affect the honey bear’s general behavior, capacity for environmental adaptation, physical characteristics, etc.

Are you worried that this marsupial might not live long enough to be fully appreciated by your kids? Don’t be. A well cared for glider-bear can live for as long as twelve years in captivity!